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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
x    Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 26, 2023
OR
o    Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Commission File Number: 0-21660
PAPA JOHN’S INTERNATIONAL, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware61-1203323
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification number)
2002 Papa John’s Boulevard
Louisville, KY
40299-2367
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(502) 261-7272
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class:Trading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered:
Common stock, $0.01 par valuePZZAThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days: Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically every interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer
xAccelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer oSmaller reporting company o
Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the Registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
At April 27, 2023, there were 32,656,059 shares of the Registrant’s common stock outstanding.



INDEX
Page No.
i


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except per share amounts)March 26,
2023
December 25,
2022
(Unaudited)
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$46,708 $47,373 
Accounts receivable, net99,997 102,533 
Notes receivable, current portion7,207 6,848 
Income tax receivable5,957 8,780 
Inventories37,112 41,382 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets49,917 44,123 
Total current assets246,898 251,039 
Property and equipment, net253,144 249,793 
Finance lease right-of-use assets, net27,847 24,941 
Operating lease right-of-use assets170,148 172,425 
Notes receivable, less current portion, net21,242 21,248 
Goodwill70,788 70,616 
Deferred income taxes553 1,920 
Other assets74,241 72,245 
Total assets$864,861 $864,227 
Liabilities, Redeemable noncontrolling interests and Stockholders’ deficit
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$68,622 $62,316 
Income and other taxes payable8,180 8,766 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities134,988 142,535 
Current deferred revenue20,508 21,272 
Current finance lease liabilities7,473 6,850 
Current operating lease liabilities24,959 23,418 
Current portion of long-term debt8,200  
Total current liabilities272,930 265,157 
Deferred revenue21,733 23,204 
Long-term finance lease liabilities21,392 19,022 
Long-term operating lease liabilities157,211 160,905 
Long-term debt, less current portion, net797,362 597,069 
Deferred income taxes1,112  
Other long-term liabilities67,183 68,317 
Total liabilities1,338,923 1,133,674 
Redeemable noncontrolling interests1,263 1,217 
Stockholders’ deficit:
Common stock ($0.01 par value per share; issued 49,207 at March 26, 2023 and 49,138 at December 25, 2022)
492 491 
Additional paid-in capital443,686 449,829 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(8,766)(10,135)
Retained earnings203,569 195,856 
Treasury stock (16,851 shares at March 26, 2023 and 14,402 shares at December 25, 2022, at cost)
(1,130,136)(922,434)
Total stockholders’ deficit(491,155)(286,393)
Noncontrolling interests in subsidiaries15,830 15,729 
Total Stockholders’ deficit (475,325)(270,664)
Total Liabilities, Redeemable noncontrolling interests and Stockholders’ deficit$864,861 $864,227 
See accompanying notes.
1


Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
(In thousands, except per share amounts)March 26,
2023
March 27,
2022
Revenues:
Domestic Company-owned restaurant sales$179,866 $198,765 
North America franchise royalties and fees36,072 34,268 
North America commissary revenues212,566 209,679 
International revenues31,463 34,617 
Other revenues67,082 65,363 
Total revenues527,049 542,692 
Costs and expenses:
Operating costs (excluding depreciation and amortization shown separately below):
Domestic Company-owned restaurant expenses147,784 161,661 
North America commissary expenses196,415 197,090 
International expenses17,311 19,914 
Other expenses61,078 60,555 
General and administrative expenses51,944 65,937 
Depreciation and amortization14,721 11,940 
Total costs and expenses489,253 517,097 
Refranchising and impairment loss (11,160)
Operating income37,796 14,435 
Net interest expense(9,021)(4,264)
Income before income taxes28,775 10,171 
Income tax expense (benefit)6,229 (1,256)
Net income before attribution to noncontrolling interests22,546 11,427 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(170)(933)
Net income attributable to the Company$22,376 $10,494 
Calculation of net income for earnings per share:
Net income attributable to the Company$22,376 $10,494 
Dividends paid to participating securities (60)
Net income attributable to common shareholders$22,376 $10,434 
Basic earnings per common share $0.66 $0.29 
Diluted earnings per common share$0.65 $0.29 
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding34,155 35,927 
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding34,324 36,236 
Dividends declared per common share$0.42 $0.35 
See accompanying notes.
2


Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended
(In thousands)March 26,
2023
March 27,
2022
Net income before attribution to noncontrolling interests$22,546 $11,427 
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustments1,442 (861)
Interest rate swaps (1)
336 1,712 
Other comprehensive income (loss), before tax1,778 851 
Income tax effect:
Foreign currency translation adjustments(332)198 
Interest rate swaps (2)
(77)(394)
Income tax effect(409)(196)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax1,369 655 
Comprehensive income before attribution to noncontrolling interests23,915 12,082 
Less: comprehensive income, redeemable noncontrolling interests(46)(510)
Less: comprehensive income, nonredeemable noncontrolling interests(124)(423)
Comprehensive income attributable to the Company$23,745 $11,149 
___________________________________
(1)    Amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income into net interest (expense) income include $(207) and $535 for the three months ended March 26, 2023 and March 27, 2022, respectively.
(2)    The income tax effects of amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive loss were $47 and $(120) for the three months ended March 26, 2023 and March 27, 2022, respectively.

See accompanying notes.
3


Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Deficit
(Unaudited)

Papa John’s International, Inc.
(In thousands)Common
Stock
Shares
Outstanding
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss (2)
Retained
Earnings
Treasury
Stock (3)
Noncontrolling
Interests in
Subsidiaries
Total
Stockholders’
Deficit
For the three months ended
March 26, 2023
Balance at December 25, 202234,736 $491 $449,829 $(10,135)$195,856 $(922,434)$15,729 $(270,664)
Net income (1)
— — — — 22,376 — 124 $22,500 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — 1,369 — — — $1,369 
Dividends on common stock— — — — (14,663)— — $(14,663)
Exercise of stock options15 — 614 — — — — $614 
Acquisition of Company common stock(2,523)— — — — (212,444)— $(212,444)
Stock-based compensation expense— 1 3,897 — — — — $3,898 
Issuance of restricted stock197 — (4,609)— — 4,609 — $ 
Tax effect of restricted stock awards(72)— (5,999)— — — — $(5,999)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests— — — — — — (23)$(23)
Other3 — (46)— — 133 — $87 
Balance at March 26, 202332,356 $492 $443,686 $(8,766)$203,569 $(1,130,136)$15,830 $(475,325)
___________________________________
(1)    Net income to the Company for the three months ended March 26, 2023 excludes $46 allocable to the redeemable noncontrolling interests for our joint venture arrangements.
(2)    At March 26, 2023, the accumulated other comprehensive loss of $8,766 was comprised of net unrealized foreign currency translation loss of $7,586 and net unrealized loss on the interest rate swap agreements of $1,180.
(3)    Acquisition of Company common stock for the three months ended March 26, 2023 includes $2,804 of transaction costs directly attributable to share repurchases, including a 1% excise tax incurred under the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022.

See accompanying notes.
4


Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Deficit (continued)
(Unaudited)

Papa John’s International, Inc.
(In thousands)Common
Stock
Shares
Outstanding
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss (2)
Retained
Earnings
Treasury
Stock
Noncontrolling
Interests in
Subsidiaries
Total
Stockholders’
Deficit
For the three months ended
March 27, 2022
Balance at December 26, 202135,797 $490 $445,126 $(9,971)$183,157 $(806,472)$15,212 $(172,458)
Net income (1)
— — — — 10,494 — 423 $10,917 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax— — — 655 — — — $655 
Dividends on common stock— — 47 — (12,527)— — $(12,480)
Exercise of stock options17 — 741 — — — — $741 
Acquisition of Company common stock(301)— — — — (32,709)— $(32,709)
Stock-based compensation expense— 1 4,175 — — — — $4,176 
Issuance of restricted stock228 — (6,369)— — 6,369 — $ 
Tax effect of restricted stock awards(69)— (7,461)— — — — $(7,461)
Other3 — (34)—  209 — $175 
Balance at March 27, 202235,675 $491 $436,225 $(9,316)$181,124 $(832,603)$15,635 $(208,444)
___________________________________
(1)    Net income to the Company for the three months ended March 27, 2022 excludes $510 allocable to the redeemable noncontrolling interests for our joint venture arrangements.
(2)    At March 27, 2022, the accumulated other comprehensive loss of $9,316 was comprised of net unrealized foreign currency translation loss of $5,533 and net unrealized loss on the interest rate swap agreements of $3,783.

See accompanying notes.
5


Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)March 26,
2023
March 27,
2022
Operating activities
Net income before attribution to noncontrolling interests$22,546 $11,427 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Provision for allowance for credit losses on accounts and notes receivable513 15,167 
Depreciation and amortization14,721 11,940 
Refranchising and impairment loss 11,160 
Deferred income taxes2,031 (1,817)
Stock-based compensation expense3,898 4,176 
Other496 (2,135)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
Accounts receivable2,182 (2,503)
Income tax receivable2,822 (1,151)
Inventories4,330 (4,731)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(4,351)77 
Other assets and liabilities71 (654)
Accounts payable(310)7,359 
Income and other taxes payable(512)8,013 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities(5,413)(29,469)
Deferred revenue(2,236)(1,465)
Net cash provided by operating activities40,788 25,394 
Investing activities
Purchases of property and equipment(18,410)(10,233)
Notes issued(976)(272)
Repayments of notes issued1,069 3,432 
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired (1,250)
Other42 8 
Net cash used in investing activities(18,275)(8,315)
Financing activities
Net proceeds of revolving credit facilities208,200 47,000 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options614 741 
Acquisition of Company common stock(209,640)(32,709)
Dividends paid to common stockholders(14,603)(12,608)
Tax payments for equity award issuances(5,999)(7,461)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests(23)(685)
Other(1,761)(1,065)
Net cash used in financing activities(23,212)(6,787)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents34 (233)
Change in cash and cash equivalents(665)10,059 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period47,373 70,610 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$46,708 $80,669 
See accompanying notes.
6


Papa John’s International, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
March 26, 2023
1. Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP” or “U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete annual financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 26, 2023 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2023. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for Papa John’s International, Inc. (referred to as the “Company,” “Papa John’s,” “Papa Johns” or in the first-person notations of “we,” “us” and “our”) for the year ended December 25, 2022.
In discussions of our business, “Domestic” is defined as within the contiguous United States, “North America” includes Canada, and “International” includes the rest of the world other than North America.
2. Significant Accounting Policies
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Papa John’s International, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
Variable Interest Entity
Papa John’s domestic restaurants, both Company-owned and franchised, participate in Papa John’s Marketing Fund, Inc. (“PJMF”), a nonstock corporation designed to operate at break-even as it spends all annual contributions received from the system. PJMF collects a percentage of revenues from Company-owned and franchised restaurants in the United States and Canada for the purpose of designing and administering advertising and promotional programs. PJMF is a variable interest entity (“VIE”) that funds its operations with ongoing financial support and contributions from the North America restaurants, of which approximately 85 percent are franchised, and does not have sufficient equity to fund its operations without these ongoing financial contributions. Based on an assessment of the governance structure and operating procedures of PJMF, the Company determined it has the power to control certain significant activities of PJMF, and therefore, is the primary beneficiary. The Company has consolidated PJMF in its financial results in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810, “Consolidation.”
Use of Estimates
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Significant items that are subject to such estimates and assumptions include the allowance for credit losses on accounts and notes receivable, intangible assets, contract assets and contract liabilities including the customer loyalty program obligation, right-of-use assets and lease liabilities, unredeemed gift card liabilities, insurance reserves and tax reserves. Although management bases its estimates on historical experience and assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, actual results could significantly differ from these estimates.
Noncontrolling Interests
Papa John’s has joint venture arrangements in which there are noncontrolling interests held by third parties that included 98 and 188 restaurants at March 26, 2023 and March 27, 2022, respectively. As further described in “Note 10. Divestitures” we divested our 51 percent interest in one joint venture in Texas that owned 90 restaurants in the second quarter of 2022. Consolidated net income is required to be reported separately at amounts attributable to both the Company and the noncontrolling interests. Additionally, disclosures are required to clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the Company and the interests of the noncontrolling owners, including a disclosure on the face of the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests.
7


Net income attributable to these joint ventures for the three months ended March 26, 2023 and March 27, 2022 was as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 26,
2023
March 27,
2022
Papa John’s International, Inc.$397 $1,621 
Noncontrolling interests170 933 
Total net income$567 $2,554 
The following summarizes the redemption feature, location and related accounting within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets for these joint venture arrangements:
Type of Joint Venture ArrangementLocation within the Condensed Consolidated Balance SheetsRecorded Value
Joint ventures with no redemption featurePermanent equityCarrying value
Joint ventures with option to require the Company to purchase the noncontrolling interest - not currently redeemable or redemption not probableTemporary equityCarrying value
Deferred Income Tax Accounts and Tax Reserves
We are subject to income taxes in the United States and several foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in determining the provision for income taxes and the related assets and liabilities. The provision for income taxes includes income taxes paid, currently payable or receivable and those deferred. We use an estimated annual effective rate based on expected annual income to determine our quarterly provision for income taxes. The effective income tax rate includes the estimated domestic state effective income tax rate and applicable foreign income tax rates. The effective income tax rate is also impacted by various permanent items and credits, net of any related valuation allowances, and can vary based on changes in estimated annual income. Discrete items are recorded in the quarter in which they occur.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on differences between financial reporting and tax basis of assets and liabilities and are measured using enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when the differences reverse. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are netted by tax jurisdiction. Deferred tax assets are also recognized for the estimated future effects of tax attribute carryforwards (e.g., net operating losses, capital losses, and foreign tax credits). The effect on deferred taxes of changes in tax rates is recognized in the period in which the new tax rate is enacted. Valuation allowances are established when necessary on a jurisdictional basis to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts we expect to realize.
Tax authorities periodically audit the Company. We record reserves and related interest and penalties for identified exposures as income tax expense. We evaluate these issues on a quarterly basis to adjust for events, such as statute of limitations expirations, court rulings or audit settlements, which may impact our ultimate payment for such exposures.
Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures
The Company determines the fair value of financial assets and liabilities based on the price that would be received to sell the asset or paid to transfer the liability to a market participant. Certain assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a recurring basis and are required to be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
Level 1: Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.
Fair value is a market-based measurement, not an entity-specific measurement. Considerable judgment is required to interpret market data to estimate fair value; accordingly, the fair values presented do not necessarily indicate what the Company or its debtholders could realize in a current market exchange.
8


Our financial assets and liabilities that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 26, 2023 and December 25, 2022 are as follows:
Fair Value Measurements
(In thousands)Carrying
Value
Level 1Level 2Level 3
March 26, 2023
Financial assets:
Cash surrender value of life insurance policies (a)
$30,337 $30,337 $ $ 
Interest rate swaps (b)
$274 $ $274 $ 
December 25, 2022
Financial assets:
Cash surrender value of life insurance policies (a)
$30,120 $30,120 $ $ 
Interest rate swaps (b)
$986 $ $986 $ 
___________________________________
(a)Represents life insurance policies held in our non-qualified deferred compensation plan.
(b)The fair value of our interest rate swaps is based on the sum of all future net present value cash flows. The future cash flows are derived based on the terms of our interest rate swaps, as well as considering published discount factors, and projected London Interbank Offered Rates (“LIBOR”).
The fair value of certain assets and liabilities approximates carrying value because of the short-term nature of the accounts, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, net of allowances, and accounts payable. The carrying value of notes receivable, net of allowances, also approximates fair value. The Company’s revolving credit facilities under the Company’s credit agreement approximate carrying value due to their variable market-based interest rate. The Company’s 3.875% senior notes are classified as a Level 2 fair value measurement since the Company estimates the fair value by using recent trading transactions, and have the following estimated fair values and carrying values (excluding the impact of unamortized debt issuance costs) as of March 26, 2023 and December 25, 2022:
March 26, 2023December 25, 2022
(In thousands)Carrying
Value
Fair
Value
Carrying
Value
Fair
Value
3.875% Senior Notes
$400,000 $342,000 $400,000 $339,500 
Allowance for Credit Losses
Estimates of expected credit losses, even if remote, are based upon historical account write-off trends, facts about the current financial condition of the debtor, forecasts of future operating results based upon current trends of select operating metrics, and macroeconomic factors. Credit quality is monitored through the timing of payments compared to the prescribed payment terms and known facts regarding the financial condition of the franchisee or customer. Account and note balances are charged off against the allowance after recovery efforts have ceased.
The following table summarizes changes in our allowances for credit losses for accounts receivable and notes receivable:
(In thousands)Accounts ReceivableNotes Receivable
Balance at December 25, 2022$6,718 $14,499 
Current period provision for expected credit losses609 24 
Write-offs charged against the allowance(228) 
Recoveries collected(84)(36)
Balance at March 26, 2023$7,015 $14,487 
9


3. Leases
Lessor Operating Leases
The Company subleases certain retail space to our franchisees in the United Kingdom (“UK”), which are primarily operating leases. At March 26, 2023, we leased and subleased 446 Papa Johns restaurants to franchisees in the UK. The initial lease terms on the franchised sites in the UK are generally 15 years. The Company has the option to negotiate an extension toward the end of the lease term at the landlord’s discretion. The initial lease terms of the franchisee subleases are generally five to ten years. Rental income, primarily derived from properties leased and subleased to franchisees in the UK, is recognized on a straight-line basis over the respective operating lease terms. The Company recognized total sublease income of $2.9 million and $3.0 million for the three months ended March 26, 2023 and March 27, 2022, respectively, within Other revenues in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Lease Guarantees
As a result of assigning our interest in obligations under property leases as a condition of the refranchising of certain restaurants, we are contingently liable for payment of 52 domestic leases. These leases have varying terms, the latest of which expires in 2036. As of March 26, 2023, the estimated maximum amount of undiscounted payments the Company could be required to make in the event of nonpayment by the primary lessees was $8.7 million. This contingent liability is not included in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as it is not probable to occur. The fair value of the guarantee is not material.
Supplemental Cash Flow & Other Information
Supplemental cash flow information related to leases for the periods reported is as follows:
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)March 26, 2023March 27, 2022
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from finance leases$309 $262 
Financing cash flows from finance leases$1,743 $1,241 
Operating cash flows from operating leases (a)
$9,178 $9,612 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new finance lease liabilities$4,764 $569 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities$4,721 $20,801 
Cash received from sublease income$2,532 $3,092 
___________________________________
(a)    Included within the change in Other assets and liabilities within the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows offset by non-cash operating lease right-of-use asset amortization and lease liability accretion.
4. Papa John’s Marketing Fund, Inc.
PJMF, which is a consolidated VIE where the Company has been identified as the primary beneficiary, collects a percentage of revenues from Company-owned and franchised restaurants in the United States, for the purpose of designing and administering advertising and promotional programs for all participating Domestic restaurants. Contributions and expenditures are reported on a gross basis in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations within Other revenues and Other expenses. PJMF also has a wholly-owned subsidiary, Papa Card, Inc., which administers the Company’s gift card programs.
10


Assets and liabilities of PJMF, which are utilized solely for the Company’s advertising and promotional programs, were as follows in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (in thousands):
March 26,
2023
December 25, 2022
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$16,076 $17,174 
Accounts receivable, net14,254 14,780 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets7,638 1,815 
Total current assets37,968 33,769 
Deferred income taxes655 655 
Total assets$38,623 $34,424 
Liabilities
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$13,589 $12,428 
Income and other taxes payable13 8 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities13,911 17,928 
Current portion of long-term debt8,200  
Current deferred revenue4,381 4,395 
Total current liabilities 40,094 34,759 
Deferred revenue1,800 2,503 
Total liabilities$41,894 $37,262 
5. Revenue Recognition
Contract Balances
Our contract liabilities primarily relate to franchise fees, unredeemed gift card liabilities, and loyalty program obligations, which we classify as Deferred revenue on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. During the three months ended March 26, 2023 and March 27, 2022, the Company recognized $8.4 million and $9.3 million in revenue, respectively, related to deferred revenue.
The following table includes a breakout of contract liability balances (in thousands):
Contract Liabilities
March 26, 2023December 25, 2022Change
Franchise fees and unredeemed gift card liabilities$29,166 $30,710 $(1,544)
Customer loyalty program obligations13,075 13,766 (691)
Total contract liabilities$42,241 $44,476 $(2,235)
Our contract assets consist primarily of equipment incentives provided to franchisees. Equipment incentives are related to the future value of commissary revenue the Company will receive over the term of the incentive agreement. As of March 26, 2023 and December 25, 2022, the contract assets were approximately $7.0 million and $6.2 million, respectively. For the three months ended March 26, 2023 and March 27, 2022, revenue was reduced approximately $0.9 million and $0.8 million, respectively, for the amortization of contract assets over the applicable contract terms. Contract assets are included in Prepaid expenses and other current assets and Other assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
11


Transaction Price Allocated to the Remaining Performance Obligations
The following table (in thousands) includes estimated revenue expected to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied at the end of the reporting period.
Performance Obligations by Period
Less than 1 Year1-2 Years2-3 Years3-4 Years4-5 YearsThereafterTotal
Franchise fees$3,052 $2,884 $2,702 $2,439 $2,165 $6,485 $19,727 
At March 26, 2023, approximately $3.3 million of area development fees related to unopened stores and international unearned royalties are included in Deferred revenue. Timing of revenue recognition is dependent upon the timing of store openings and franchisees’ revenues. Gift card liabilities of approximately $6.2 million, included in Deferred revenue, will be recognized in Company-owned restaurant revenues when gift cards are redeemed. The Company will recognize redemption fee revenue in Other revenues when cards are redeemed at franchised restaurant locations.
The Company applies the practical expedient in ASC 606, “Revenue Recognition” and does not disclose information about remaining performance obligations that have original expected durations of one year or less.
6. Common Stock
Shares Authorized and Outstanding
The Company has authorized 100.0 million shares of common stock as of March 26, 2023 and December 25, 2022. The Company’s outstanding shares of common stock outstanding, net of repurchased shares of common stock held as treasury stock, were 32.4 million shares at March 26, 2023, compared to 34.7 million shares at December 25, 2022.
Share Repurchase Program
On October 28, 2021, our Board of Directors (the “Board”) approved a share repurchase program with an indefinite duration for up to $425.0 million of the Company’s common stock. The following table summarizes our repurchase activity under our share repurchase programs for the three months ended March 26, 2023 and March 27, 2022:
(In thousands, except average price per share)Total Number of Shares PurchasedAverage Price Paid per Share
Aggregate Cost of Shares Purchased (a)
Maximum Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
Three Months Ended
March 26, 20232,523 $83.10 $209,640 $90,160 
March 27, 2022301 $108.76 $32,709 $392,091 
(a)    Aggregate cost of shares purchased for the three months ended March 26, 2023 excludes $2.8 million of transaction costs directly attributable to share repurchases, including a 1% excise tax incurred under the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022. These costs were classified as non-cash financing activities during the three months ended March 26, 2023.
The shares repurchased during the three months ended March 26, 2023 included 2,176,928 shares repurchased on March 1, 2023 from certain funds affiliated with, or managed by, Starboard Value LP (collectively, “Starboard”), at a price of $82.52 per share, for aggregate consideration of $179.6 million. The transaction was negotiated by an independent committee of the Board of Directors formed for the purpose of evaluating a possible transaction involving Starboard, and was approved by the full Board of Directors upon such independent committee’s recommendation. Starboard’s Chief Executive Officer is Jeffrey Smith, who previously served as the Company’s Chairman of the Board until his resignation on March 1, 2023.
The timing and volume of share repurchases under the Company’s share repurchase programs may be executed at the discretion of management on an opportunistic basis, subject to market and business conditions, regulatory requirements and other factors, or pursuant to trading plans or other arrangements. Repurchases under the programs may be made through open market, block, and privately negotiated transactions, including Rule 10b5-1 plans, at times and in such amounts as management deems appropriate. Repurchases under the Company’s share repurchase programs may be commenced or suspended from time to time at the Company’s discretion without prior notice. Funding for the share repurchase programs will be provided through our credit facility, operating cash flow, stock option exercises and cash and cash equivalents.
12


Dividends
The Company paid dividends of approximately $14.6 million ($0.42 per share) for the three months ended March 26, 2023. On April 25, 2023, our Board of Directors declared a first quarter dividend of $0.42 per common share (approximately $13.8 million in the aggregate), which will be paid on May 26, 2023 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on May 15, 2023. The declaration and payment of any future dividends will be at the discretion of our Board.
7. Earnings per Share
We compute earnings per share using the two-class method. The two-class method requires an earnings allocation formula that determines earnings per share for common shareholders and participating security holders according to dividends declared and participating rights in undistributed earnings. Time-based restricted stock awards are participating securities because holders of such shares have non-forfeitable dividend rights and participate in undistributed earnings with common stock. Under the two-class method, total dividends provided to the holders of participating securities and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities, are subtracted from net income attributable to the Company in determining net income attributable to common shareholders.
Basic earnings per common share are computed by dividing net income attributable to common shareholders by the weighted-average common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per common share are computed by dividing the net income attributable to common shareholders by the diluted weighted average common shares outstanding. Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding consist of basic weighted average common shares outstanding plus weighted average awards outstanding under our equity compensation plans, which are dilutive securities.
The calculations of basic and diluted earnings per common share are as follows (in thousands, except per share data):
Three Months Ended
March 26,
2023
March 27,
2022
Basic earnings per common share
Net income attributable to the Company$22,376$10,494
Dividends paid to participating securities (60)
Net income attributable to common shareholders$22,376$10,434
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding34,15535,927
Basic earnings per common share $0.66$0.29
Diluted earnings per common share
Net income attributable to common shareholders$22,376$10,434
Weighted average common shares outstanding34,15535,927
Dilutive effect of outstanding equity awards (a)
169309
Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding 34,32436,236
Diluted earnings per common share$0.65$0.29
___________________________________
(a)    Excludes 22,000 and 21,000 equity awards for the three months ended March 26, 2023 and March 27, 2022, respectively, as the effect of including such awards would have been anti-dilutive.
13


8. Debt
Long-term debt, net, consists of the following (in thousands):
March 26,
2023
December 25,
2022
Senior notes$400,000$400,000
Revolving facilities (a)
413,133205,000
Outstanding debt$813,133$605,000
Unamortized debt issuance costs(7,571)(7,931)
Current portion of long-term debt(8,200)
Total long-term debt, net$797,362$597,069
___________________________________
(a)    Revolving facilities as of March 26, 2023 includes $8.2 million outstanding under the PJMF Revolving Facility as defined and discussed below.
Senior Notes
On September 14, 2021, the Company issued $400.0 million of 3.875% senior notes (the “Notes”) which will mature on September 15, 2029. Interest on the Notes is payable semi-annually in cash in arrears on March 15 and September 15 of each year at a fixed interest rate of 3.875% per annum.
The Company may redeem the Notes, in whole or in part, at any time on or after September 15, 2024 at established redemption prices ranging from 97 to 194 basis points depending on when the Notes are redeemed. At any time prior to September 15, 2024, the Company may also redeem up to 40% of the Notes with net cash proceeds of certain equity offerings at a redemption price equal to 103.875% of the principal amount of the Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest, excluding the redemption date. In addition, at any time prior to September 15, 2024, the Company may redeem the Notes, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest and an applicable “make-whole” premium. The Notes also contain customary redemption provisions related to asset sales and certain change of control transactions.
The Indenture governing the Notes contains customary events of default, including, among other things, payment default, failure to comply with covenants or agreements contained in the Indenture or the Notes and certain provisions related to bankruptcy events. The Indenture also contains customary negative covenants.
Credit Agreement
The Company’s amended and restated credit agreement, dated September 14, 2021 (the “Credit Agreement”) provides for a senior secured revolving credit facility in an aggregate available principal amount of $600.0 million (the “PJI Revolving Facility”), of which up to $40.0 million is available as swingline loans and up to $80.0 million is available as letters of credit. The PJI Revolving Facility will mature on September 14, 2026. The remaining availability under the PJI Revolving Facility was approximately $195.0 million as of March 26, 2023.
Up to $50.0 million of the PJI Revolving Facility may be advanced in certain agreed foreign currencies, including Euros, Pounds Sterling, Canadian Dollars, Japanese Yen, and Mexican Pesos. Additionally, the Credit Agreement includes an accordion feature allowing for a future increase of the PJI Revolving Facility and/or incremental term loans in an aggregate amount of up to $500.0 million, subject to certain conditions, including obtaining commitments from one or more new or existing lenders to provide such increased amounts and ongoing compliance with financial covenants.
Loans under the PJI Revolving Facility accrue interest at a per annum rate equal to, at the Company’s election, either a LIBOR rate plus a margin ranging from 1.25% to 2.00% or a base rate (generally determined according to the greater of a prime rate, federal funds rate plus 0.50%, or a LIBOR rate plus 1.00%) plus a margin ranging from 0.25% to 1.00%. In each case, the actual margin is determined according to a ratio of the Company’s total indebtedness to an earnings calculation, Consolidated EBITDA (as defined in our credit agreement), for the then most recently ended four quarter period (the “Leverage Ratio”). An unused commitment fee ranging from 18 to 30 basis points per annum, determined according to the L